The second largest city of Egypt after Cairo is the city of Alexandria. Geographically, it is located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt around 179 kms in the north of Cairo. It is unique city named after the name of its creator, The Alexander the Great in 333 BCE. On his way to Oracle temple of Amun at the Siwa Oasis, the Alexander stayed at the village of Re-qdt that lied between the Mediterranean Sea and the lake of Mariott and decided to build a great city on that location. For this, he gave charge to his architect Dinocratis.
In 323 BC, Alexander died in Babylon without ever seeing the city that was after his name. However, Dinocratis planned the city very differently like a chessboard, where two main streets got interlaced both vertically and horizontally extending both east to west and north to south. It had five districts named after first five Greek alphabets – Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon. Among these, alpha was basically a royal district that homes royal palaces, temples, museum, libraries and gardens; Beta was the district of Greek aristocracy; Gamma was home to local greek people; Delta was home to foreign minorities like Syrians, Persian and Jews and lastly Epsilon was home to local Egyptians.
In the Roman Era, the city was built afresh by Romans bearing the name Nicopolis which means the city of victory. However, most of this was damaged due to disturbances, wars, revolts; natural disasters etc.
Some of the important monuments of the city of Alexandria at present which dates back to Ptolemaic era are includes, Moustafa Kamel, El-Anfoushy, El-Shatby and El-Wardain. Further, those of Roman periods includes the tomb of Tigran, Pompeii’s pillar, tombs of Kom El-Shouqafa (the Catacombs),Tomb of Silvago and the cemetery of El-Qabbary, discovered recently and many others.
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is commonly known as Museum of Cairo as it is located at the city of Cairo of Egypt. The museum houses about 1, 60,000 antique items,which are mostly about old Egyptian culture and customs displaying almost 5000 years of Egypt’s ancient age. This museum is also known as National Museum of Egypt or Egypt National Museum.
Designed and constructed by Marcel Dourgnon in Neoclassical style the museum has total 107 halls. The galleries of this world famous are distributed in these halls displaying items of prehistoric ages to Roman era of Egypt placing special emphasis on pharaonic era. The Museum is divided in seven major divisions, and these 7 sections hold different segments of items.
- The 1stsection of the museum holds famous treasures available from Tutankhamon’spyramid.
- The 2nd section of the museum holds the monuments of pre-dynasty era.
- The 3rd section holds the monuments from first intermediate period and the middleages.
- The 4th section up keeps the monuments from the era of the Modern Kingdom.
- The 5th section holds the monuments of the late period and the Greek and Roman periods.
- The 6th section holds ancient coins and some specimens of original papyrus.
- The 7th section holds the mummy coffins called sarcophagi and some crabs.
Egypt National Museum displays all labels in Arabic and English. The museum remains open for all 7 days in a week and it operates between 9 am to 7 pm. During Ramdaan the museum remains open between 9am and 5 pm.
Egypt has a typical hot desert type of climate. It is usually dry. During summer, the temperature becomes very hot. Day temperature during summer is hot whereas in winter the day temperature is mild and pleasant. During the night the temperature falls drastically as sand emits heat as quickly as it absorbs. In order to describe the climate and rainfall in Egypt, one must understand its geographical location
The coastal region which lies to the north of Egypt experiences moderate type of temperatures, due to the proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. Here, the temperature varies between a minimum average of 9.6 °C during night and 16 °C during the day in winters. During summer, the daytime experiences a temperature of 32 °C and during night, it comes down to 22 °C. It is not possible to describe the climate and rainfall in Egypt, without having a clear understanding about its topography
In the desert areas the temperature fluctuates significantly, particularly during summer. In summer the temperature may vary from 6 °C at night, to 41 °C during the day. In the winter season, the temperature remains more or less stable both during the day and night. During the night the temperature, at time drops down to 0 °C and during the day it could reach 18 °C.
Egypt experiences less than 81mm of rainfall yearly in maximum areas and nearly never rains during summer, though in the northern coastal regions, especially in Alexandria, the average yearly rainfall reaches up to 210 mm
Egypt is a pan continental country which has variable climatic condition, which prevails all round the year. For instance,Egypt receives an average annual precipitation of almost eighty one millimeters or even lesser than that, however, the coastal areas, due to their geographical position receives much more rainfall.
International holidays are very exciting and memorable experience for all of us. Each memories f holidays stays with us throughout our lives, and especially when these holidays are spent with friends and family the fun and frolic doubles up. But international holidays are not simple and hassle free, they come with their amount of tensions and hassles. There are many things that we need to check before we venture out on a holiday, things that we need not require in national holidays like, Visas, Passports, Safety Weapons, and a trustworthy tour guide. One can go without a tour guide on a national holiday as the people around are of same country and holds equal citizenship, but when you are in a foreign land everything changes, people, culture cuisine, climate, law, language etc. in this situation if you do not hire a guide you will face many difficulties.
Egypt is one of the most desired locations for spending an exotic and fun holiday with family. The people there speak in Arabic, English and Local Egyptian language, climate is hot during the day and cold during the nights, majority of the population is Muslim; hence food and clothing are according to their culture. The country has many ancient monuments and mysteries. Apart from the Pyramids and Nile it has numerous places to explore, which for a tourist without a guide is impossible to visit. The Egypt Tourism Guide by Ask Aladdin lets you hire guides online along with the tour package; these guides are very informative, warm and professionals.
The Aladdin tour packages are the best and the prestigious guide with the accommodation which is available in various net prices subject to its accommodation given. The services and all the various pre arrangements made are connected with the tour as promised. All the packages offered are private and those who accompany the trip are also of the same team, they will never join other groups or not let people let join our groups to create any hassles and problems during, before or after the trip in the Egypt travel guide. The Aladdin travel packages make every possible arrangement to give the best services during its tour especially to Egypt and Jordan; all the various arrangements are carried out specifically to the best of our abilities.
The accommodation provided is also very soothing and comforting because they never provide rooms or staying places below 4 star hotels. The best offers that are is available is that these packages offered don’t charge any money for children under two years and for children under twelve they get a price deduction of 50% on the Egypt travel guide for getting and receiving the best and foremost deals from the tourists and visitors. Travel to Egypt along with Jordanwith the Aladdin tour packages which gives the best and foremost deals especially on the international flights and if your trip is based on a tight budget scheme – then Aladdin travels is the best place to crack your deals from.