Egypt has a typical hot desert type of climate. It is usually dry. During summer, the temperature becomes very hot. Day temperature during summer is hot whereas in winter the day temperature is mild and pleasant. During the night the temperature falls drastically as sand emits heat as quickly as it absorbs. In order to describe the climate and rainfall in Egypt, one must understand its geographical location
The coastal region which lies to the north of Egypt experiences moderate type of temperatures, due to the proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. Here, the temperature varies between a minimum average of 9.6 °C during night and 16 °C during the day in winters. During summer, the daytime experiences a temperature of 32 °C and during night, it comes down to 22 °C. It is not possible to describe the climate and rainfall in Egypt, without having a clear understanding about its topography
In the desert areas the temperature fluctuates significantly, particularly during summer. In summer the temperature may vary from 6 °C at night, to 41 °C during the day. In the winter season, the temperature remains more or less stable both during the day and night. During the night the temperature, at time drops down to 0 °C and during the day it could reach 18 °C.
Egypt experiences less than 81mm of rainfall yearly in maximum areas and nearly never rains during summer, though in the northern coastal regions, especially in Alexandria, the average yearly rainfall reaches up to 210 mm
Egypt is a pan continental country which has variable climatic condition, which prevails all round the year. For instance,Egypt receives an average annual precipitation of almost eighty one millimeters or even lesser than that, however, the coastal areas, due to their geographical position receives much more rainfall.