The popularity of the ancient tombs and temples in Egypt is something that every travel enthusiast is well aware about. But very few people know about the greatness and rich historic significance of the Islamic Art Museum. This museum is known to one of the largest and the oldest museums in the world. This museum proudly displays more than 104 thousand facts reflecting the rich and traditional Islamic civilization of Egypt.
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Foundation of the Islamic Art Museum –
The Islamic Art Museum was established in the year 1880. The respectable Egyptian authorities painstakingly collected all the precious and ancient pieces of Islamic Art from various structures, tombs, temples, mosques and many other locations.
Displays available at Museum of Islamic Art –
Since the establishment of this Islamic Art Museum the number of displays present here has substantially increased. Initially the museum had about 7000 displays when it was opened in the year 1903. Then gradually the number of displays started to multiply with 78 thousand in the 1978. Then 96 thousand in the recent years and now with the immense popularity of this museum the number of displays are more than 100 thousand. The displays even include the ruins of famous cities like Fustat and Askar which are even known to be the first Islamic capitals of Egypt. Few other displays were brought in from Aswan, Rashid, Luxor and Tanis in the Nile Delta. In today’s times the Islamic Art Museum has some rarest displays that are pieces of cloth, rocks with Islamic writing, colored windows and many others. Apart from this the museum even proudly hosts the largest collection of Arabian carpets that were brought from several popular mosques and historical locations all across Egypt. The museum even has some rare wooden collection, ceramic collection and lamp collection. This is the perfect destination for art fanatics who would love to gain some in-depth knowledge about the prestigious and rich artistic history of Egypt.
The second largest city of Egypt after Cairo is the city of Alexandria. Geographically, it is located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt around 179 kms in the north of Cairo. It is unique city named after the name of its creator, The Alexander the Great in 333 BCE. On his way to Oracle temple of Amun at the Siwa Oasis, the Alexander stayed at the village of Re-qdt that lied between the Mediterranean Sea and the lake of Mariott and decided to build a great city on that location. For this, he gave charge to his architect Dinocratis.
In 323 BC, Alexander died in Babylon without ever seeing the city that was after his name. However, Dinocratis planned the city very differently like a chessboard, where two main streets got interlaced both vertically and horizontally extending both east to west and north to south. It had five districts named after first five Greek alphabets – Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon. Among these, alpha was basically a royal district that homes royal palaces, temples, museum, libraries and gardens; Beta was the district of Greek aristocracy; Gamma was home to local greek people; Delta was home to foreign minorities like Syrians, Persian and Jews and lastly Epsilon was home to local Egyptians.
In the Roman Era, the city was built afresh by Romans bearing the name Nicopolis which means the city of victory. However, most of this was damaged due to disturbances, wars, revolts; natural disasters etc.
Some of the important monuments of the city of Alexandria at present which dates back to Ptolemaic era are includes, Moustafa Kamel, El-Anfoushy, El-Shatby and El-Wardain. Further, those of Roman periods includes the tomb of Tigran, Pompeii’s pillar, tombs of Kom El-Shouqafa (the Catacombs),Tomb of Silvago and the cemetery of El-Qabbary, discovered recently and many others.
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is commonly known as Museum of Cairo as it is located at the city of Cairo of Egypt. The museum houses about 1, 60,000 antique items,which are mostly about old Egyptian culture and customs displaying almost 5000 years of Egypt’s ancient age. This museum is also known as National Museum of Egypt or Egypt National Museum.
Designed and constructed by Marcel Dourgnon in Neoclassical style the museum has total 107 halls. The galleries of this world famous are distributed in these halls displaying items of prehistoric ages to Roman era of Egypt placing special emphasis on pharaonic era. The Museum is divided in seven major divisions, and these 7 sections hold different segments of items.
- The 1stsection of the museum holds famous treasures available from Tutankhamon’spyramid.
- The 2nd section of the museum holds the monuments of pre-dynasty era.
- The 3rd section holds the monuments from first intermediate period and the middleages.
- The 4th section up keeps the monuments from the era of the Modern Kingdom.
- The 5th section holds the monuments of the late period and the Greek and Roman periods.
- The 6th section holds ancient coins and some specimens of original papyrus.
- The 7th section holds the mummy coffins called sarcophagi and some crabs.
Egypt National Museum displays all labels in Arabic and English. The museum remains open for all 7 days in a week and it operates between 9 am to 7 pm. During Ramdaan the museum remains open between 9am and 5 pm.